This track shows protein sequences and annotations on them from the UniProt/SwissProt database,
mapped to genomic coordinates.
UniProt/SwissProt data has been curated from scientific publications by the UniProt staff,
UniProt/TrEMBL data has been predicted by various computational algorithms.
The annotations are divided into multiple subtracks, based on their "feature type" in UniProt.
The first two subtracks below - one for SwissProt, one for TrEMBL - show the
alignments of protein sequences to the genome, all other tracks below are the protein annotations
mapped through these alignments to the genome.
|UCSC Alignment, SwissProt = curated protein sequences
||Protein sequences from SwissProt mapped onto the genome. All other
tracks are (start,end) SwissProt annotations on these sequences mapped
using this track. Protein sequences without a single curated
annotation were not added to this track. |
|UCSC Alignment, TrEMBL = predicted protein sequences
||Protein sequences from TrEMBL mapped onto the genome. All other tracks
below are (start,end) TrEMBL annotations mapped to the genome using
this track. This track is hidden by default. To show it, click its
checkbox on the track configuration page. Protein sequences without a single
predicted annotation on them were not added to this track.|
|UniProt Signal Peptides
||Regions found in proteins destined to be secreted, generally cleaved from mature protein.
|UniProt Extracellular Domains
||Protein domains with the comment "Extracellular".
|UniProt Transmembrane Domains
||Protein domains of the type "Transmembrane".
|UniProt Cytoplasmic Domains
||Protein domains with the comment "Cytoplasmic".
|UniProt Polypeptide Chains
||Polypeptide chain in mature protein after post-processing.
|UniProt Regions of Interest
||Regions that have been experimentally defined, such as the role of a region in mediating protein-protein interactions or some other biological process.
||Protein domains, zinc finger regions and topological domains.
|UniProt Disulfide Bonds
|UniProt Amino Acid Modifications
||Glycosylation sites, modified residues and lipid moiety-binding regions.
|UniProt Amino Acid Mutations
||Mutagenesis sites and sequence variants.
|UniProt Protein Primary/Secondary Structure Annotations
||Beta strands, helices, coiled-coil regions and turns.
|UniProt Sequence Conflicts
||Differences between Genbank sequences and the UniProt sequence.
||Regions of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains.
|UniProt Other Annotations
||All other annotations, e.g. compositional bias
For consistency, the subtrack "UniProt/SwissProt Variants" is a copy of the track
"UniProt Variants" in the track group "Phenotype and Literature", or
"Variation and Repeats", depending on the assembly.
Display Conventions and Configuration
Genomic locations of UniProt/SwissProt annotations are labeled with a short name for
the type of annotation (e.g. "glyco", "disulf bond", "Signal peptide"
etc.). A click on them shows the full annotation and provides a link to the UniProt/SwissProt
record for more details. TrEMBL annotations are always shown in
light blue, except in the Signal Peptides,
Extracellular Domains, Transmembrane Domains, and Cytoplamsic domains subtracks.
Mouse over a feature to see the full UniProt annotation comment. For variants, the mouse over will
show the full name of the UniProt disease acronym.
The subtracks for domains related to subcellular location are sorted from outside to inside of
the cell: Signal peptide,
transmembrane, and cytoplasmic.
In the "UniProt Modifications" track, lipoification sites are highlighted in
dark blue, glycosylation sites in
dark green, and phosphorylation in
Duplicate annotations are removed as far as possible: if a TrEMBL annotation
has the same genome position and same feature type, comment, disease and
mutated amino acids as a SwissProt annotation, it is not shown again. Two
annotations mapped through different transcripts but with the same genome
coordinates are only shown once.
Note that only for the human hg38 assembly and SwissProt annotations, there
also is a public
track hub prepared by UniProt itself, with
genome annotations maintained by UniProt using their own mapping
method based on those Gencode/Ensembl gene models that are annotated in UniProt
for a given protein.
UniProt sequences were aligned to one of UCSC, Gencode, Ensembl or Augustus transcript sequences, first with
BLAT, filtered with pslReps (93% query coverage, within top 1% score), lifted
to genome positions with pslMap and filtered again. UniProt annotations were
obtained from the UniProt XML file. The UniProt annotations were then mapped to the
genome through the alignment using the pslMap program. This mapping approach
draws heavily on the LS-SNP pipeline by Mark Diekhans. For human and mouse, the
alignments were filtered by retaining only proteins annotated with
a given transcript in the Genome Browser table kgXref. Like all Genome Browser
source code, the main script used to build this track can be found on
The raw data can be explored interactively with the
Table Browser, or the
For automated analysis, the genome annotation is stored in a bigBed file that
can be downloaded from the
The exact filenames can be found in the
track configuration file.
Annotations can be converted to ASCII text by our tool bigBedToBed
which can be compiled from the source code or downloaded as a precompiled
binary for your system. Instructions for downloading source code and binaries can be found
The tool can also be used to obtain only features within a given range, for example:
bigBedToBed http://hgdownload.soe.ucsc.edu/gbdb/xenLae2/uniprot/unipStruct.bb -chrom=chr6 -start=0 -end=1000000 stdout
This track is updated every month. The MySQL table hgFixed.trackVersion
contains the name of the currently available data on the website. Older
versions of the data files can be downloaded from the archive
folder of our downloads server.
Please refer to our
mailing list archives
for questions, or our
Data Access FAQ
for more information.
This track was created by Maximilian Haeussler at UCSC, with help from Chris
Lee, Mark Diekhans and Brian Raney, feedback from the UniProt staff and Alejo
Mujica, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals. Thanks to UniProt for making all data
available for download.
Reorganizing the protein space at the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt).
Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Jan;40(Database issue):D71-5.
PMID: 22102590; PMC: PMC3245120
Yip YL, Scheib H, Diemand AV, Gattiker A, Famiglietti LM, Gasteiger E, Bairoch A.
The Swiss-Prot variant page and the ModSNP database: a resource for sequence and structure
information on human protein variants.
Hum Mutat. 2004 May;23(5):464-70.